China shale gas development will usher in the "blowout"
2020 and strive to achieve production of 30 billion cubic meters
The National Energy Board has recently issued a "shale gas development plan (2016-2020)" put forward in place in the policy support and market development smoothly under the situation, a substantial increase in shale gas production in 2020 to achieve shale gas production 30 billion cubic meters Meter. Experts said that shale gas development will effectively promote the transportation, steel, materials, equipment, cement, chemical and other related industries, to attract domestic and foreign investment, promote local economic and national economic sustainable development.
During the "12th Five-Year" period, China's shale gas exploration and development achieved a major breakthrough, becoming the first outside North America to achieve large-scale commercial development of the country, "thirteen" industrial development has laid a solid foundation. National Energy Board official said, "13th Five-Year" period, the new normal economic development will continue to optimize the adjustment of energy structure, natural gas and other clean energy needs continue to increase, large-scale development of shale gas provides a strategic opportunity.
With the strengthening of air pollution control in China, vigorously promote the development of clean low-carbon strategy and actively promote the new urbanization, natural gas is bound to adjust and optimize the energy structure play a greater role.
"Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020)" issued by the General Office of the State Council clearly pointed out that natural gas will account for more than 10% of China's primary energy consumption by 2020, and vigorously develop shale gas in line with China's energy development trend.
Rich resource base and a good start for the development of China's shale gas industry provides a solid guarantee. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, shale gas development in China has achieved breakthroughs in the South China Sea, shale gas in Sichuan Basin has achieved commercial scale development, and many other favorable areas have obtained industrial test airflow, shale gas resources Development potential is strongly confirmed. At the same time, China has basically mastered 3500 meters of shallow shale gas efficient development technology, will "thirteen" shale gas industry to accelerate the development of strong technical support.
It is understood that China's shale gas well single well investment, and production decline fast, stable production of gas wells need a large number of wells for well replacement. Therefore, shale gas development and investment of large-scale, long implementation period, more uncertain factors, shale gas development enterprises have greater financial pressure and investment risk.
In the technical level, deep development of technology has not yet mastered. The development of shale gas resources with a depth of more than 3,500 meters requires a higher level of horizontal well completion and production transformation technology and equipment. Inadequate competition for exploration and development is another major problem. Shale gas favorable area mineral rights and registered oil and gas mineral rights overlap, conventional oil and gas right to withdraw from the mechanism is imperfect, it is difficult to play shale gas independent mineral advantages.
With oil, coal and other traditional fossil energy prices fell, natural gas competitiveness, consumption growth slowed down significantly. At the same time, the domestic natural gas production has increased steadily. A series of long-term natural gas import agreements have been signed between China, Russia, Central Asia, and Sino-Burmese LNG. The natural gas supply capacity will increase in the future. Experts said that according to the current energy consumption structure, "13th Five-Year" period, the overall supply of natural gas is more adequate.
In the long run, the development of shale gas plays an important role in promoting China's scientific and technological progress, boosting economic development, optimizing energy structure and ensuring energy security. To this end, "planning" clearly the future development of shale gas in four key tasks:
· Promote scientific and technological research. Following the new trend of shale gas technology revolution, overcome the shale gas reservoir evaluation, horizontal well completion, production transformation, gas reservoir engineering exploration and development bottleneck technology, accelerate the upgrading of existing engineering and technology.
· Layered layout exploration and development. The national shale gas block by key production, evaluation breakthrough and potential of three different ways to promote exploration and development.
· Strengthen the construction of national shale gas demonstration area. During the "thirth Five-Year Plan" period, the four national shale gas demonstration areas of Changning-Weiyuan, Fuling, Zhaotong and Yan'an will be further strengthened. Through demonstration and improvement, effective shale gas development technology, efficient management mode and applicable system Mechanism.
· Improve infrastructure and markets. According to shale gas production capacity and the national natural gas pipeline network construction and planning, to support the shale gas access pipe network or nearby use. Encourage all kinds of investors to enter the shale gas sales market, and gradually form a shale gas mining enterprises, sales enterprises and urban gas operating enterprises and other coexistence of the main market structure.